Traditional encaustic painting involves melting pure beeswax and adding coloured pigment. This molten colour is then applied to the surface to act as a base primer. A paste mix made from beeswax and turpentine is then mixed with oil paint to create an impasto type medium with which to paint.
As well as using encaustic as a way to paint a surface it can also be used to stick and encase materials to a surface, and can be sculpted.
Artist, Fritz Faiss (1905–1981), and Dr. Hans Schmid, rediscovered the Punic Wax technique of encaustic painting which is referred to in Ancient Greek writings. Faiss held two German patents relating to the preparation of waxes in encaustic painting.